West Seattle Emerald Star Home

West Seattle Emerald Star Home

This is a Built Green Emerald Star home in West Seattle. It was the first Emerald Star home for TC Legend and the second of its kind built in Seattle! It is also a Department of Energy 2018 Housing Innovation Award Winner and Built Green’s “Green Hammer” Project of the Year! 

This floorplan is flexible into the future, with two extra bedrooms already in the program, fitted with egress windows & minimum floor area to meet code; One will partition behind the utility, the 2nd can partition from the recreation room upstairs. So this 3 bedroom main house can grow to 5 bedrooms in a day!

The energy-shell is a simple rectangle, conforming to and ideal 1:1.6 established ratio for temperate environments. SIPs shell construction is post & beam type of load-bearing construction that means internal walls can be moved easily during the life of the building as they carry no load. The post & beam structure is visible as both architecture and a celebration of the woodcraft of the Pacific Northwest. 

Specs

  • 3,160 Square feet

  • 4 Bedrooms

  • 4 Baths

  • 9.9-kW Solar

  • Triple-pane windows

  • 10,000-gallon rainwater storage

  • Air-to-water heat pump

  • 2 electric car charging stations

  • Low- or no-VOC products sourced throughout. No PVC.

Photos by Yuriy Manchik.

Bellingham Power House

Bellingham Power House

There’s nothing we love more than building overachieving homes. This remarkable home not only produces enough solar electricity to meet its own energy needs, but it produces surplus power to charge two electric cars.

Nicknamed the Power House, it is the first of its kind in Whatcom County. The home sends power to the city’s electrical grid when the sun is out and draws it during the night or on cloudy days. (Contrary to popular belief, the Pacific Northwest is an excellent place for solar). Averaged over the entire year, the panels will produce more power than the house uses, with enough of a surplus to power two electric cars through on-site charging stations.

The house qualifies for a one-time federal tax credit of approximately $10,500 and Washington State solar production credits of approximately $5,000 a year until 2020.

Perhaps more remarkable than the home’s efficiency is its modest price tag. Shared by two couples and three children, the 2,700-square-foot custom home cost under $150 per square foot to build, significantly less than most other residential construction projects in Bellingham. 

With its airtight shell, structural insulated panel (SIP) construction, numerous south-facing windows and passive solar design, highly efficient heat pump, solar hot water, and a solar PV array using Bellingham-built ITEK modules, this one-of-a-kind house has no electrical bills (other than the monthly service charge for this  grid-tied system) and costs nothing to heat. No oil, natural gas, or other fuels are used. 

This home shows that cutting-edge energy efficiency technology can actually be made affordable by eliminating entire categories of expenses, like heating and gasoline bills. And if one house can be shared by two families, expenses are decreased for both.

Specs

2,700 square feet, co-housing duplex for 2 families, 2 stories, 3 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, 3 multi-purpose rooms: loft, rec room and sunroom, semi-covered deck, covered parking, acid-stained concrete slab foundation, radiant-heat floors, exposed beams, Hardie plank & milled cedar siding, metal roof, solar hot water, 9.9 kW solar array, 2 electric car charging stations.  

  • Powers itself and two electric cars, for net-zero emissions, over the course of a year

  • Uses a 9.9kW photovoltaic system (half power goes to the house, other half powers two cars)

  • Envelope includes structural insulated panels, insulated concrete forms, and 4” foam under slab

  • Heat and hot water provided by a solar hot water collector with an air-to-water heat pump backup

  • South-facing high solar gain triple-pane windows and solar absorbing concrete floors

  • Utilizes the most energy-efficient appliances and lighting available on a budget

  • Collects rainwater for all outdoor water usage and utilizes low-flow fixtures indoors

  • Provides housing for four adults and three kids with enough garden space to feed both families

  • Budget under $150/SF includes all development costs except land (built on an infill lot in the city)

  • Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance is monitoring home for US Department of Energy pilot program

  • Fresh air provided by heat recovery ventilator and earth tube combo system

  • HERS rating is -15

Greenlake Net-Zero-Energy Remodel

Greenlake Net-Zero-Energy Remodel

This net-zero-energy house remodel in Green Lake is designed to be budget-conscious, energy-efficient, and surrounded by lush gardens. It is a great example of an affordable deep-green remodel. Collaboration between owner, architect, and builder has created a beautiful synthesis of resource efficiency, connection to nature, and renewable energy — mixed together with a funky modern/industrial aesthetic.

The inspiration

The Northwest Green Home Tour inspired the owner Becky to learn all she could about green building. She joined the NW Eco Building Guild and attended green workshops.  She was particularly inspired by a net-zero energy home in Ballard. Wanting to “do it all” — renewable energy, rainwater harvesting, salvaged materials, and much more — she dove in and spoke with many green professionals in the Guild.

Team approach

    1. The owner

      Becky started with a desire to go “super green” while being cost-effective, and she had lots of great design ideas. After finding a well-located home with good solar orientation and a solid structure (although in need of an aesthetic update), she pulled together the project team of LD Arch Design and TC Legend Homes, as described on her blog about the project.

      The design goals

      The existing home was in serious need of aesthetic and energy updates, with an interior so carved up it felt like every room was small and dark. The goals for the remodeled home were:

      • Create a high-efficiency, net-zero-energy house
      • Raise the roof to provide a good spot for solar and let light in
      • Connect to the garden and integrate rainwater harvesting
      • Use some of the unfinished basement/garage space for bedrooms
      • Have an open floor plan at the upper level that would be good for entertaining
      • Create a more modern and industrial aesthetic
      • Demonstrate that high-quality green design can be affordable

      Green choices 

        1. Less energy

          • Renewable energy: Budgeting to include solar panels was a priority.
            • 6.72kW solar module sized to meet and exceed energy usage
            • Plan for future electric car charging station
          • An energy-efficient building envelope: The envelope performs well above energy code.
            • 6” SIPS panel walls and 9.5” SIPS panel roof
            • 4” rigid insulation installed over existing concrete slab
            • Triple-pane high-quality vinyl windows
          • Energy-efficient equipment and lighting: The mechanical systems, appliances, and lighting are selected to be highly efficient.
            • Mini-split ductless heat pump
            • Heat pump water heater
            • EnergyStar bath fans, refrigerator, and dishwasher
            • High-efficiency horizontal axis washing machine 
            • LED light bulbs
          • Air sealing: Heat loss through air leaks can be virtually eliminated with modern building technologies.
            • SIPS panels provide a sealed wall system
            • Careful air sealing at openings and penetrations
            • Whole-house ventilation system to ensure adequate fresh air

            2. Less new stuff

              • Reuse and deconstruction: Materials are treated carefully rather than being sent to a landfill.
                • Much of the home’s structure is reused
                • Existing materials deconstructed and used elsewhere in the house
                • A new use found for almost everything removed from the house
                • Construction waste reduced by precise materials ordering
              • Reclaimed and recycled content materials: Becky combed salvage shops for materials that fit the desired aesthetic.
                • Salvaged stainless steel counter and sink in kitchen
                • Light fixtures made with salvaged material
                • Salvaged wood trim
                • Recycled content fiber cement board siding and gypsum wall board

                3. Less toxic stuff

                  • Nontoxic materials: A priority is placed on selecting materials that do not outgas toxic fumes.
                    • Wood products with no added urea formaldehyde
                    • Nontoxic caulks and adhesives
                    • No-VOC paints and finishes
                    • Marmoleum natural linoleum flooring
                  • Hard-surface flooring: A carpet-free home reduces dust and allergens. The home is a “shoes-off” home to avoid tracking in pollution.
                  • Healthy ventilation design: This is particularly important in a house with an airtight envelope.
                    • High clerestory windows open to draw fresh air up and through the home
                    • HVAC system with HEPA filter includes a fresh air supply

                    4. Less water

                      • Efficient plumbing fixtures
                        • Dual flush toilet with integral hand washing sink
                        • Efficient horizontal axis washing machine
                        • Low-flow shower and faucet aerators
                      • Water efficient site design
                        • Rain cisterns and barrels to capture and store water for landscape watering
                        • Native and drought-tolerant landscaping
                        • Master Composter in residence
                        • Design to celebrate the flow of water in our rain-rich environment

                      Photos by Holli with an i Photography unless noted otherwise.